Alprazolam is used to treat anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and anxiety. Learn about side effects, interactions and indications.
Total daily doses should rarely exceed suggested maximums. Smaller doses may be effective as well as safer. Because of increased sensitivity to benzodiazepines in elderly patients, alprazolam at daily doses greater than 2 mg meets the Beers criteria as a medication that is potentially inappropriate for use in older adults. Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, oral concentrate: Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day in elderly or debilitated patients This dose may be gradually increased if needed and tolerated.
Common alprazolam side effects may include: drowsiness, feeling tired;
Revision Date:, 10:22:43 AM.
Find patient medical information for Alprazolam Intensol Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as liver function tests ) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
List Alprazolam Intensol side effects by likelihood and severity.
When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.
What should I know regarding pregnancy, nursing and administering Alprazolam Intensol to children or the elderly?
The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else.
Home / mental health center / mental health a-z list / alprazolam (xanax, xanax xr, niravam) anti-anxiety drug drug monograph. Alprazolam (Xanax XR, Niravam), is an anti-anxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family, the same family that includes diazepam (Valium), clonazepam.
Xanax is used for the treatment of anxiety disorders and panic attacks. Anxiety disorders are characterized by:.
Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under.
Drug interactions, dosage, pregnancy and breastfeeding safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Ativan is effective for insomnia, panic attacks, and is used for prevention and treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Side effects include:.
Alprazolam (trade name Xanax) is a short-acting psychoactive drug of the benzodiazepine class which produces anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and amnesic effects when administered..
[20 ] Substances which lower the seizure threshold such as tramadol should be avoided during withdrawal. Benzodiazepine discontinuation is notoriously difficult; it is potentially life-threatening for individuals using regularly to discontinue use without tapering their dose over a period of weeks. [ citation needed ]. [ citation needed ] Abrupt discontinuation also causes rebound stimulation which presents as anxiety, insomnia and restlessness. There is an increased risk of high blood pressure, seizures, and death.
Alprazolam (trade name Xanax ) is a short-acting psychoactive drug of the benzodiazepine class which produces anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and amnesic effects when administered.
Medscape - Antianxiety, panic disorder-specific dosing for Xanax, Niravam (alprazolam), frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information.
Lactation: Enters breast milk/not recommended.
No Results No Results.
X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
Extended-release: Start at 0.5 mg PO qDay; may gradually increase if necessary and as tolerated; may increase q3-4Days by ≤1 mg/day to 3-6 mg/day.
1-4 mg/day PO divided q8hr.
Use caution in debilitated patients.
Binds receptors at several sites within the CNS, including the limbic system and reticular formation; effects may be mediated through GABA receptor system; increase in neuronal membrane permeability to chloride ions enhances the inhibitory effects of GABA; the shift in chloride ions causes hyperpolarization (less excitability) and stabilization of the neuronal membrane Bioavailability: 90%
Cigarette smoking may decrease alprazolam concentration up to 50%
Diarrhea, constipation, and nausea/vomiting (20-30%) Weight change (20-30%) Nasal congestion (15-20%).
Minor tranquilizers should be avoided in first trimester of pregnancy due to increased risk of congenital malformations.
<18 years old: Not recommended.
Myasthenia gravis (allowable in limited circumstances).
Paradoxical reactions, including hyperactive or aggressive behavior reported.
Use caution in severe respiratory depression.
Not for us in acute alcohol intoxication.
Peak plasma concentration: 8-37 ng/mL (dose dependent) Protein bound: 80% Vd: 0.9-1.2 L/kg.
Acute narrow angle glaucoma.
Decreased or increased libido (10-15%) Menstrual disorder (10-15%) Difficult micturition (10-15%) Tachycardia (5-10%) Confusion (5-10%) Insomnia (5-10%) Nausea/vomiting (5-10%) Blurred vision (5-10%) Nasal congestion (5-10%) Hypotension (1-5%) Syncope (1-5%) Akathisia (1-5%) Dizziness (1-5%) Increased salivation (1-5%) Nervousness (1-5%) Tremor (1-5%) Weight change (1-5%) Increased salivation (5-10%) Talkativeness (1-5%) Incontinence (1-5%).
Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids may result in profound respiratory depression, coma, and death; administer concomitantly when there are no alternative options; limit dosages and durations to minimum required; monitor for signs and symptoms of respiratory depression and sedation Documented hypersensitivity.
Use caution in elderly patients.
tablet, orally disintegrating: Schedule IV.
Immediate-release: Decrease initial dose to 0.25 mg PO q8-12hr; may gradually increase if necessary and as tolerated; may increase every 3-4 days by ≤1 mg/day to 5-6 mg/day average dose.